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The leading not-for-profit trade association serving the interests of pet product manufacturers and importers.
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// Pet Industry Market Size Ownership Statistics
U.S. Pet Industry Spending Figures Future Outlook

The following spending statistics are gathered by APPA from various market reseach sources and arenot included in the organization's biennial National Pet Owners Survey.

Year Billions of dollars

2018 $72.13 Estimated 2017 $69.51 Actual 2016 $66.75 2015 $60.28 2014 $58.04 2013 $55.72 2012$53.33 2011$50.96 2010 $48.35 2009 $45.53 2008 $43.2 2007 $41.2 2006$38.5 2005 $36.3 2004 $34.4 2003 $32.4 2002 $29.6 2001 $28.5 1998 $23 1996 $21 1994 $17

2018 $72.13 Estimated 2017 $69.51 Actual

Actual Sales within the U.S. Market in 2017

In 2017,$69.51 billion was spent on our pets in the U.S.

Breakdown: Food $29.07 billionSupplies/OTC Medicine$15.11 billionVet Care $17.07 billionLive animal purchases $2.1 billionPet Services: grooming boarding $6.16 billion

Estimated 2018 Sales within the U.S. Market

For 2018, it estimated that $72.13 billion will be spent on our pets in the U.S.

Estimated Breakdown: Food $29.88 billionSupplies/OTC Medicine$15.51 billionVet Care $18.26 billionLive animal purchases $2.01 billionOther Services $6.47 billion

Data sources and notes

1. Food total is based on PFI research consultant Davenport Co, Packaged Facts U.S. Market Outlook 2017-2018, petfoodindustry.com 2017 Industry Report, and Euromonitor International Pet Care in the US plus new information generated by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (US BLS).

2. Supplies based on APPA historical, BCC Research-The Pet Industry, SNIPP Industry Trends 2017, Pet Product News, Grocery Business 2018 Nonfoods Report Packaged Facts Pet Supplies in the US 2017-2018, IBISWorld Industry Report Pet Stores in the US and MarketResearch.com Projected 2017 Trends.

3. Veterinary care includes routine vet care and is based on AVMA, Newsweek, Brakke Consulting, Bain Co, Fountain Agricounsel 2015 Situation Analysis Report and Packaged Facts Pet Supplies in the US 2017-2018.

4. Live Animal purchases based on APPA, AVMA, Fountain Agricounsel, Packaged Facts Pet Population and Ownership Trends and Euromonitor estimates

5. Other Services based on Packaged Facts, Euromonitor, APPA State of the Industry Report, the balance 5 Hot Trends in the Pet Industry, and IBISWorld

Most bosses care about their employees and avoid criticism in favor of being friendly. But Scott views this as a mistake, ones that leaves you in the dreaded quadrant of “ruinous empathy.” It’s better, Scott believes, to be even obnoxiously aggressive. As she argues, “Criticizing your employees when they screw up is not just your job, it’s actually your moral obligation.” The sweet spot in all this is what Scott calls radical candor, where the manager is direct yet caring, and critiques the behavior, not the person. (In one of her best examples of radical candor, Scott cheap amazing price Yves Saint Laurent Platform Mary Jane Pumps clearance sale online RDnY491bm
that her habit of saying “Um” a lot during presentations made her sound stupid.)

Ray Dalio, the founder and chairman of the world’s biggest hedge fund, also likes a radical approach to feedback . Employees at his Bridgewater Associates Jimmy Choo Leather JewelEmbellished Ankle Boots amazing price cheap price CPZgVANEK
on iPads that are brought to every meeting. Even if you don’t go to the same extremes, you can probably find some application of the key ideas in Dalio’s obsession with “radical transparency.”Among them: accuracy should trump kindness, and pain will inevitably come with exploring weaknesses.

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In Thanks for the Feedback , Heen and Stone identify the three main three types of feedback: appreciation, coaching, and evaluation.

Appreciation is genuinely communicating the message of “I see you, you matter, and the effort you put into your job is noticed.” This kind of feedback has a huge impact on motivation, morale, and commitment—but it’s in chronic short supply in most organizations. Coaching is anything that improves your knowledge and skills to build capability and meet new challenges. And evaluation rates or ranks you, telling you where you stand against a set of expectations, or among your peers.

We need all three types of feedback, but we’re really bad at keeping them in order. For example, Heen and Stone observe, “All too often, feedback that is offered as coaching is heard as evaluation. (‘You’re telling me how to improve, but really, you’re saying you’re not sure I’m cut out for this.’)”

This confusion happens whenever the giver and receiver are misaligned. “The fix? Discuss the purpose of the feedback explicitly. It seems obvious, but even competent, well-meaning people can go their whole lives without ever having this part of the conversation,” write Heen and Stone.

Before giving your feedback, ask yourself three questions:

(1) What’s my purpose in giving this feedback?

(2) Is it the right purpose from my point of view?

(3) Is it the right purpose from the other person’s point of view?

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Selecting an appropriate antibiotic.

Ensuring the antibiotic is given at the correct dose and frequency until clinical cure.

Diagnosing and treating any underlying disease.

Pyodermas were traditionally classified according to the depth of bacterial infection (surface, superficial and deep) (Scott and others 2001). Surface and superficial pyoderma are restricted to the epidermis and do not penetrate below the basement membrane. These pyodermas are typically exudative, and lesions include papules, pustules, epidermal collarettes, scales and crusts. Pruritus is often present. Deep pyodermas penetrate below the basement membrane into the dermis and deeper tissues. Lesions include haemorrhagic bullae, nodules, ulcers, and draining tracts with haemorrhagic or purulent discharge and crusts. Lesions are often painful, but pruritus is less common. However, while this classification is useful in determining the prognosis and expected duration of therapy, it is not helpful in diagnosis.

To help clinicians diagnose and treat pyoderma, a problem-based classification based on the clinical appearance of the lesions has been proposed ( Noli 2003 ):

Seborrhoeic pyoderma: erythema, erosions, exudation without pustules and collarettes.

Papules, pustules, scaling, focal alopecia.

Erosions and/or ulcers.

Ulcers and draining sinus tracts.

Nodules and/or regional swelling.

Recently, a condition called ‘bacterial overgrowth syndrome’ has been recognised in dogs (Pin and others 2006) (Fig 1 ). It is characterised by diffuse erythema, scales and a greasy, keratoseborrhoeic exudate. Affected dogs are often pruritic and malodourous. The abdomen, interdigital skin and pinnae are most commonly affected. Allergic or endocrine ­dermatoses are common primary causes. Cytology of affected skin reveals an excessive number of bacteria with few to no neutrophils.

FIG 1:

Ventral body of a West Highland white terrier with bacterial overgrowth syndrome. Note the extensive alopecia, lichenification, erythema and hyperpigmentation. The affected skin was also seborrhoeic and malodourous. The underlying cause in this case was atopic dermatitis

Intertrigo is infection of skin folds caused by irritation and lack of ventilation. Intertrigo is common in facial folds, especially in brachycephalic dog and cat breeds, tail folds in bulldogs, vulval folds in obese females, and body folds in shar peis (Fig Giuseppe Zanotti Crossover Patent Leather Sandals discount low shipping fee top quality cheap online Yn8dDvH
). However, any skin fold can be affected. The affected skin is moist, greasy and erythematous, and may harbour a whitish malodorous exudate.

FIG 2:

Intertrigo in a British bulldog with a screw tail. The folds of skin around the tail and tailbase are eroded, seborrhoeic and erythematous. Topical antimicrobial therapy was only partially effective, and this dog required surgery to obliterate the skin folds

Impetigo is characterised by epidermal pustules that are not centred on hair follicles (Fig 3 ). It affects mainly young dogs, especially if they are poorly managed (eg, malnourished, have endoparasites or are affected by viral diseases). Older immunosuppressed dogs can also exhibit similar lesions with large flaccid or tense pustules (bullous impetigo).